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Turkmenistan

 

1995-2005 | 2012-2014

 

 

50 Manat, 1995

50 manat 1995 front
50 manat 1995 front

Enlarge: Front50 manat 1995 front
 & Back50 manat 1995 back

Front: Monument; Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (1940-2006), President of Turkmenistan 1990-2006

Back: Mosque ruins

 

100 Manat, 1995

100 manat 1995 front
100 manat 1995 back

Enlarge: Front100 manat 1995 front
 & Back100 manat 1995 back

Front: Presidential Palace in Ashgabat; Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (1940-2006), President of Turkmenistan 1990-2006

Back: Sultan Sanjar mausoleum at Merv

 

Sultan Sanjar mausoleum

Sultan Sanjar mausoleum

Enlarge: MausoleumSultan Sanjar mausoleum

The sack of Merv (1221) was one of the most atrocious in history. Toli, (Genghis) Khan's youngest son, granted its inhabitants their lives if they surrendered, so they opened their gates, and were driven out on to the plain. Then each Mongol soldier was ordered to decapitate between 300 and 400 citizens, and within a few hours they had slaughtered over 500,000. Systematically they wrecked & fired the city: irrigation works, mosques, tombs. Then they vanished with the same phantom speed as they had come. It was a frequent Mongol ruse. They did not go far. Timidly the runaway survivors crept back into their ruins and must have wandered them in stunned hopelessness. Then, suddenly, the Mongols returned, and completed their massacre. Sultan Sanjar, who was away from Merv while his gifted Seljuk Turk subjects were being massacred, returned home and died of a broken heart.

 

10,000 Manat, 1996

10000 manat 1996 front
10000 manat 1996 back

Enlarge: Front10000 manat 1996 front
 & Back10000 manat 1996 back

Front: Presidential Palace in Ashgabat; Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (1940-2006), President of Turkmenistan 1990-2006

Back: Coat of Arms

 

10,000 Manat, 2003

10000 manat 2003 front
10000 manat 2003 back

Enlarge: Front10000 manat 2003 front
 & Back10000 manat 2003 back

Front: Palace of Turkmenbashi in Ashgabat; Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (1940-2006), President of Turkmenistan 1990-2006

Back: Independence Monument of Turkmenistan in Ashgabat

 

Palace of Turkmenbashi

Palace of Turkmenbashi

Enlarge: Presidential PalacePalace of Turkmenbashi

 

10,000 Manat, 2005

10000 manat 2005 front
10000 manat 2005 back

Enlarge: Front10000 manat 2005 front
 & Back10000 manat 2005 back

Front: Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (1940-2006), President of Turkmenistan 1990-2006; Palace of Turkmenbashi in Ashgabat

Back: Independence Monument of Turkmenistan in Ashgabat

 

Independence Monument

Independence Monument

Enlarge: MonumentIndependence Monument

 

50 Manat, 2005

50 Manat, 2005 front
50 Manat, 2005 back

Enlarge: Front50 Manat, 2005 front
 & Back50 Manat, 2005 back

Front: Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (1940-2006), President of Turkmenistan 1990-2006

Back: Horse

 

500 Manat, 2005

500 Manat, 2005 front
500 Manat, 2005 back

Enlarge: Front500 Manat, 2005 front
 & Back500 Manat, 2005 back

Front: Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (1940-2006), President of Turkmenistan 1990-2006

Back: Native artifacts

 

1000 Manat, 2005

1000 Manat, 2005 front
1000 Manat, 2005 back

Enlarge: Front1000 Manat, 2005 front
 & Back1000 Manat, 2005 back

Front: Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (1940-2006), President of Turkmenistan 1990-2006

Back: Turkmenbashi Palace

 

Turkmenbashi Palace

Turkmenbashi Palace

Enlarge: PalaceTurkmenbashi Palace

 

5000 Manat, 2005

5000 Manat, 2005 front
5000 Manat, 2005 back

Enlarge: Front5000 Manat, 2005 front
 & Back5000 Manat, 2005 back

Front: Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (1940-2006), President of Turkmenistan 1990-2006

Back: Turkmenbashi Palace

1995-2005 | 2012-2014

Back to Middle East

Turkmenistan, bordered by Uzbekistan, Iran, Afghanistan and the Caspian Sea, was Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic of the U.S.S.R. Became independent in 1991. For a more detailed country profile, see CIA World Factbook on Turkmenistan.

 

 

 

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