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Russia

 

 

Empire

 

10 Rubles, 1909

10 rubles 1909 front
10 rubles 1909 back

Enlarge: Front10 rubles 1909 front
 & Back10 rubles 1909 back

 

25 Rubles, 1909

25 rubles 1909 front
25 rubles 1909 back

Enlarge: Front25 rubles 1909 front
 & Back25 rubles 1909 back

Front: Imperial eagle at left

Back: Alexander III (1845-1894), Emperor of Russia 1881-1894

Alexander III was born Alexander Alexandrovich, second son of Alexander II. He became heir to the throne after his elder brother, Nicholas, died in 1865. He came to the throne at the age of 36 when his father was assassinated.

Alexander III's reign coincided with the industrial revolution and the growth of capitalism in Russia. His regime was particularly harsh against revolutionaries and other liberal movements.

 

100 Rubles, 1910

100 rubles 1910 front
100 rubles 1910 back

Front: Imperial eagle at left

Back: Catherine II (1729-1796), Empress of Russia 1762-1796

Catherine II was born Sophia Augusta Frederica in Poland, daughter of Prince Christian August of Anhalt-Zerbst. She married Peter Feodorovich, heir to the Russian throne, in 1745. She was christened into the Orthodox Church as Ekaterina Alexeevna, and quickly mastered the Russian language.

With the support of the Imperial Guard, she overthrew her husband Peter III in 1762, and crowned herself Empress of Russia. Her reign was one of the most prosperous periods in Russian history. She undertook a wide range of political reforms, waged two successful wars against the Ottoman Empire and expended Russia's territories to the Black Sea. She is known as Catherine the Great.

 

500 Rubles, 1912

500 rubles 1912 front
500 rubles 1912 back

Front: Imperial eagle at left

Back: Peter I (1672-1725), Czar of Russia 1682-1721

Peter was a grandson of Czar Michael Romanov. He was proclaimed Czar in 1682 at the age of 10. However, he had to share his power with his brother Ivan and his sister Sofia until 1696.

During his reign, Peter engineered a series of reforms that were to put Russia among the major European powers. He opened Russia to the West. He invited the best European engineers, shipbuilders, architects, craftsmen and merchants to come to Russia. Hundreds of Russians were sent to Europe to get the best education and learn different arts and crafts. Peter I is known as Peter the Great.

 

1 Ruble, 1898 (1915)

1 Ruble, 1898 (1915) front
1 Ruble, 1898 (1915) back

Enlarge: Front1 Ruble, 1898 (1915) front
 & Back1 Ruble, 1898 (1915) back

 

5 Rubles, 1909 (1917)

5 Rubles, 1909 (1917) front
5 Rubles, 1909 (1917) back

Enlarge: Front5 Rubles, 1909 (1917) front
 & Back5 Rubles, 1909 (1917) back

 

250 Rubles, 1917

250 rubles 1917 front
250 rubles 1917 back

Enlarge: Front250 rubles 1917 front
 & Back250 rubles 1917 back

Empire
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Russian Federation 1992-2010
Russian Federation 2014-2017

Back to Europe

Russian, occupies the northern part of Asia and the far eastern part of Europe, was an empire before 1917. Became the central power of the Soviet Union 1922-92, and a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States since 1992. For a more detailed country profile, see CIA World Factbook on Russia.

 

 

 

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