1 Kroon, 1992

1 kroon 1992 front
1 kroon 1992 back

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 & Back1 kroon 1992 back

Front: Kristjan Raud (1865-1943), Estonian artist

Raud spent long years studying in St.Petersburg, Dusseldorf and Munich. He returned to Estonia in 1903 to establish his artistic career. Most of his works were based on Estonian folklore. Raud is remembered not only as one of the first national romantic Estonian artists but also as the best-known illustrator of the Estonian epic Kalevipoeg (The Son of Kalev).

Back: Toompea castle with Tall Hermann's Tower in Tallinn


Toompea castle

Toompea castle

Enlarge: CastleToompea castle


2 Krooni, 1992

2 krooni 1992 front
2 krooni 1992 back

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Front: Karl Ernest von Baer (1792-1876), Estonian/German embryologist

von Baer was the first to discover the female ovum in 1827 and the subsequent realization that male and female parents make an equal genetic contribution to their offspring.

Back: University of Tartu


University of Tartu

University of Tartu

Enlarge: UniversityUniversity of Tartu


5 Krooni, 1991

5 krooni 1991 front
5 krooni 1991 back

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 & Back5 krooni 1991 back

Front: Paul Keres (1916-1975), Estonian chess champion

Paul Keres was born in Narva. He studied mathematics at the University of Tartu 1938-1941. He became the Estonian chess champion for the first time in 1935. Keres remained among the world's best competing chess players until the mid-1960s. In 1959 and 1962, Paul Keres was named Estonia's best sportsman of the year. At the Chess Olympics, Paul Keres received a team gold medal seven times.

Back: Jaanilinn fortress along Narva River


Jaanilinn fortress

Jaanilinn fortress

Enlarge: FortressJaanilinn fortress


10 Krooni, 1992

10 krooni 1992 front
10 krooni 1992 back

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 & Back10 krooni 1992 back

Front: Jakob Hurt (1839-1907), teacher and paster

Hurt was born in Põlva, southeastern part of Estonia. He studied at the University of Tartu 1859-63. Even during his student years, Hurt was absolutely strong-minded in preserving his Estonian culture. Later he worked on both collecting and publishing numerous Estonian folklore and poetry. He spent some years as a teacher and was sent to Otepää church as pastor in 1872.

Back: Tamme-Lauri oak tree at Urvaste


Tamme-Lauri oak tree

Tamme-Lauri oak tree

Enlarge: TreeTamme-Lauri oak tree


50 Krooni, 1994

50 Krooni, 1994 front
50 Krooni, 1994 back

Enlarge: Front50 Krooni, 1994 front
 & Back50 Krooni, 1994 back

Front: Rudolf Tobias (1873-1918), Famous Estonian composer

Back: Estonia Opera House in Tallinn

Courtesy yuri minkin


Estonia Opera House

Estonia Opera House

Enlarge: Opera HouseEstonia Opera House


100 Krooni, 1999

100 krooni 1999 front
100 krooni 1999 back

Enlarge: Front100 krooni 1999 front
 & Back100 krooni 1999 back

Front: Lydia Koidula (1843-1886), first Estonian female poet

Back: Waves breaking against rocky cliffs of north coast


25 Krooni, 2002

25 Krooni, 2002 front
25 Krooni, 2002 back

Enlarge: Front25 Krooni, 2002 front
 & Back25 Krooni, 2002 back

Front: Anton Hansen Tammsaare (1878-1940), Estonian writer

Back: A view of Vargamae




Enlarge: VargamaeVargamae

Back to Europe

Estonia, located in eastern Europe, was Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic of the U.S.S.R. Became independent in 1991. For a more detailed country profile, see CIA World Factbook on Estonia.

Euro becomes the official currency for Estonia on January 1, 2011.




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