Front: Louis-Antoine de Bougainville (1729-1811), French sailor, soldier, statesman and mathematician
Bougainville was born in Paris. He was one of the first settlers in Falkland
Islands. He fought in the American War of Independence. In the 1790s he led a voyage
around the world. Later he wrote mathematical treatises and was elected to
scientific academies. Many islands, mountains and plants were named after him.
Back: Auguste Febvrier-Despointes (1796-1855), first commandant of New Caledonia
The first European to sight New Caledonia was Captain James Cook in the 1770's
on his way to New Zealand. The island was not sighted again until 1853 when French
Admiral Febvrier-Despointes claimed it as French territory. From then on French
settlers began immigrate into the new island.