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Australia

 

1939-2001 | 2016-2017

 

 

10 Shillings, (1939)

10 shillings (1939) front
10 shillings (1939) back

Enlarge: Front10 shillings (1939) front
 & Back10 shillings (1939) back

Front: George VI (1895-1952), King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the British dominions beyond the seas 1936-1952

Back: Allegorical manufacturers

 

1 Pound, (1942)

1 pound (1942) front
1 pound (1942) back

Enlarge: Front1 pound (1942) front
 & Back1 pound (1942) back

Front: George VI (1895-1952), King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the British dominions beyond the seas

Back: Shepherds with sheep

 

King George VI

 

1 Dollar, (1983)

1 dollar (1983) front
1 dollar (1983) front

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 & Back1 dollar (1983) back

Front: Elizabeth II (1926-), Queen of United Kingdom, British colonies and Commonwealth of Nations 1952-present

Date of portrait: 1964, age 38

Back: Stylized aboriginal figures and animals

 

Queen Elizabeth II

 

2 Dollars, (1985)

2 dollars (1985) front
2 dollars (1985) back

Enlarge: Front2 dollars (1985) front
 & Back2 dollars (1985) back

Front: John Macarthur (1767-1834), soldier, politician and pioneer of the Australian wool industry

Back: William James Farrer (1845-1906), leading Australian agronomist and wheat breeder

 

5 Dollars, (1985)

5 dollars (1985) front
5 dollars (1985) back

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 & Back5 dollars (1985) back

Front: Sir Joseph Banks (1743-1820), naturalist and patron of science

Back: Caroline Chisholm (1808-1877), known as "the emigrant's friend"

 

10 Dollars, (1990)

10 dollars (1990) front
10 dollars (1990) back

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 & Back10 dollars (1990) back

Front: Francis Greenway (1777-1837), from convict to architect

Back: Henry Lawson (1867-1922), Australian's famous author

 

20 Dollars, (1991)

20 dollars (1991) front
20 dollars (1991) back

Enlarge: Front20 dollars (1991) front
 & Back20 dollars (1991) back

Front: Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith (1897-1935), Australian aviator

Back: Lawrence Hargrave (1850-1915), Australian aeronautical pioneer

Courtesy mbc2012

 

50 Dollars, (1985)

50 Dollars, (1985) front
50 Dollars, (1985) back

Enlarge: Front50 Dollars, (1985) front
 & Back50 Dollars, (1985) back

Front: Baron Howard Walter Florey (1898-1968), Australian pharmacologist and pathologist

Back: Ian Clunies-Ross (1899-1959), Australian veterinary scientist

Courtesy mbc2012

 

100 Dollars, (1985)

100 Dollars, (1985) front
100 Dollars, (1985) back

Enlarge: Front100 Dollars, (1985) front
 & Back100 Dollars, (1985) back

Front: John Tebbutt (1834-1916), Australian astronomer

Back: Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958), Australian geologist and Antarctic explorer

Courtesy worldcurrencyandcoin

 

10 Dollars, 1988 Polymer
Commemorates Bicentennial of British Settlement

10 dollars 1988 front
10 dollars 1988 back

Enlarge: Front10 dollars 1988 front
 & Back10 dollars 1988 back

The world's first polymer note

Front: HMS Supply, one of a group of eleven ships to become known as the "First Fleet"

The ships left Portsmouth, England, on May 13, 1787 and established a settlement at Sydney Cove on January 26, 1788. A medley of people in the background serves to illustrate the diverse ethnicity of the nation.

Back: An Aboriginal youth wearing body paint, a Morning Star Pole and rock paintings

 

HMS Supply

HMS Supply

Enlarge: ShipHMS Supply

 

5 Dollars, (1992) Polymer

5 dollars (1992) front
5 dollars (1992) back

Enlarge: Front5 dollars (1992) front
 & Back5 dollars (1992) back

Front: Elizabeth II (1926-), Queen of United Kingdom, British colonies and Commonwealth of Nations 1952-present

Date of portrait: 1984, age 58

Back: Australia's new Federal Parliament on Capital Hill, Canberra

 

Parliament

Parliament

Enlarge: ParliamentParliament

 

10 Dollars, (19)93 Polymer

10 dollars (19)93 front
10 dollars (19)93 back

Enlarge: Front10 dollars (19)93 front
 & Back10 dollars (19)93 back

Front: Andrew "Banjo" Patterson (1864-1941), Australia's leading bush poet

Back: Mary Gilmore (1864-1962), as a young woman in the foreground and in her later year in the background

Gilmore was a celebrated author, poet, and social reformer campaigning for voting rights for women, relief of the poor and disadvantaged through a government welfare system and improved treatment of aborigines.

 

20 Dollars, (20)02 Polymer

20 dollars (20)02 front
20 dollars (20)02 back

Enlarge: Front20 dollars (20)02 front
 & Back20 dollars (20)02 back

Front: Mary Reibey (1777-1855), business woman

Back: John Flynn (1880-1951), Presbyterian minister

 

50 Dollars, (19)98 Polymer

50 Dollars, (19)98 front
50 Dollars, (19)98 back

Enlarge: Front50 Dollars, (19)98 front
 & Back50 Dollars, (19)98 back

Front: David Unaipon (1872-1967), author and inventor

He patented a number of inventions including advanced clippers for shearing sheep, the plans of which are portrayed to the right of his portrait.

Unaipon was the first Aboriginal writer to be published and an extract from the handwritten preface to his "Legendary Tales of the Aborigines" is shown.

Back: Edith Cowan (1861-1932), social worker

Cowan was the first female parliamentarian in 1921 when she was elected to the Western Australia State Parliament. She was active in promoting improved conditions for women, migrants and disadvantaged children.

Courtesy Tod Hunt

 

100 Dollars, (19)99 Polymer

100 Dollars, (19)99 front
100 Dollars, (19)99 back

Enlarge: Front100 Dollars, (19)99 front
 & Back100 Dollars, (19)99 back

Front: Nellie Melba (1861-1931), famous opera singer

Her efforts during World War I to raise funds for war charities earned her the title of Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire.

Back: Sir John Monash (1865-1931), military leader

Monash was one of Australia's greatest soldiers. He was appointed commander of the Australian Corps in 1918.

Courtesy Steve Burke

 

5 Dollars, (20)01 Polymer
Commemorates Centennial of the Commonwealth

5 dollars (20)01 front
5 dollars (20)01 back

Enlarge: Front5 dollars (20)01 front
 & Back5 dollars (20)01 back

On 1st January 2001, Australia celebrated 100 years of Federation under which the six self-governing colonies combined to form the Commonwealth of Australia.

Front: Sir Henry Parkes (1815-1896), the "Father of Federation"

Back: Catherine Helen Spence (1825-1910), journalist and social reformer

Courtesy Tod Hunt

1939-2001 | 2016-2017

Back to Australia and Oceania

Australia, located on the continent of the same name, was a British colony until 1900. Became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The Statute of Westminster Adoption Act was formalized in 1942. It's a member of the British Commonwealth. Australian currency was changed from pounds to dollars in 1966. For a more detailed country profile, see CIA World Factbook on Australia.

 

 

 

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